Swedenâ€™s chief epidemiologist and the architect of its light-touch approach to the coronavirus has acknowledged the country has suffered too many deaths from Covid-19 and should have done more to curb the spread of the virus.
Anders Tegnell, who has previously criticised other countriesâ€™ strict lockdowns as not sustainable in the long run, told Swedish Radio on Wednesday that there was â€œquite obviously a potential for improvement in what we have doneâ€ in Sweden.
Asked whether too many people in Sweden had died, he replied: â€œYes, absolutely,â€ adding that the country would have to consider in the future whether there was a way of preventing such a high toll.
The admission came as figures suggested the countryâ€™s death rate per capita was the highest inÂ the worldÂ over the seven days to 2 June and days after the Swedish government, bowing to opposition pressure, promised to set up a commission to look into the countryâ€™s Covid-19 strategy.
â€œIf we were to encounter the same disease again knowing exactly what we know about it today, I think we would settle on doing something in between what Sweden did and what the rest of the world has doneâ€, Tegnell said. It would be â€œgood to know exactly what to shut down to curb the spread of infection betterâ€, he added.
According to the scientific online publicationÂ Ourworldindata.com, the number of Covid-19 deaths in Sweden were the highest in the world per capita in a rolling seven-day average to 2 June. The countryâ€™s rate of 5.29 deaths per million inhabitants a day was just above the UKâ€™s 4.48.
Relying on its citizensâ€™ sense of civic duty, SwedenÂ closed schools for all over-16s and banned gatherings of more than 50, but only asked â€“ rather than ordered â€“ people to avoid non-essential travel and not go out if they are elderly or ill. Shops, restaurants and gyms have remained open.
Although there are signs that public opinion is starting to shift, polls have shown a large majority of Swedes support and have generally complied with the governmentâ€™s less coercive strategy, which is in stark contrast to the mandatory lockdowns imposed by many countries, including the countryâ€™s Nordic neighbours.
But the policy, which Tegnell has denied was targeted at achieving herd immunity but instead aimed to slow the spread of the virus enough for health services to cope, has been increasingly and heavily criticised by many Swedish experts, and the country has recorded a death toll many times higher than its neighboursâ€™.
Swedenâ€™s 4,468 fatalitiesÂ from Covid-19 represent a death toll of 449 per million inhabitants, compared with 45 in Norway, 100 in Denmark and 58 in Finland. Its per-million tally remains, however, lower than the corresponding figures of 555, 581 and 593 in Italy, Spain and the UK.
Norway and Denmark announced last week they were dropping mutual border controls but would provisionally exclude Sweden from a Nordic â€œtravel bubbleâ€ because of its much higher coronavirus infection rate.
But Tegnell told Swedish Radio it was not clear yet exactly what the country should have done differently, or whether the restrictions it did impose should have been introduced simultaneously rather than step by step.
â€œOther countries started with a lot of measures all at once â€“ the problem with that is that you donâ€™t really know which of the measures you have taken is most effective,â€ he said, adding that conclusions would have to be drawn about â€œwhat else, besides what we did, you could do without imposing a total shutdownâ€.
Despite the stated goal of protecting the nationâ€™s elderly, Swedenâ€™s strategy has been particularly catastrophic for older people, with roughly half the countryâ€™s deaths so far occurring in care homes.
Annike Linde, Tegnellâ€™s predecessor as chief epidemiologist from 2005 to 2013, said last week that she had initially backed the countryâ€™s strategy, but had begun to reassess her view as the virus swept through the elderly population.
â€œThere was no strategy at all for the elderly, I now understand,â€ Linde told the Swedish state broadcaster. â€œI do not understand how they can stand and say the level of preparedness was good, when in fact it was lousy.â€
Another key mistake, she said, was to assume that the coronavirus would behave like seasonal flu. â€œIt does not behave like the flu at all,â€ she said.Â â€œIt spreads more slowly and has a longer incubation time.Â This makes it more difficult to detect, and to build immunity in the population.â€
Sweden would have done better to follow its Nordic neighbours, close its borders and invest in testing and tracking to a far greater extent, she said. A study last month found that only 7.3% of Stockholmâ€™s inhabitants had developed Covid-19 antibodies by the end of April.Â