Asian stocks had their worst session in a month and a half on Monday as fears grew that Beijing was on the verge of joining Shanghai in lockdowns, while the dollar rose to a two-year high on the prospect of slower growth and higher interest rates.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan slid 2.5 percent to a six-week low and the Chinese yuan skidded to a one-year trough. Oil fell nearly 4 percent.
State television in China reported that residents were ordered not to leave Beijing’s Chaoyang district on Monday after a few dozen cases of COVID-19 were detected over the weekend.
The risk-sensitive Australian dollar fell 1.2 percent and the euro dropped 0.8 percent to a two-year low of $1.0707 with Sunday’s re-election of Emmanuel Macron as French President offering no obstacle to the dollar’s rise.
With war in Ukraine entering a third month and the lockdown of 25 million people in Shanghai about to tip in to its second month, investor sentiment is fragile amid worries that climbs in consumer prices will lead to rapid global rate rises.
S&P 500 futures ESc1 dropped 0.8 percent in Asia while FTSE futures and European futures were off by more than 1.5 percent. Fed funds futures have priced 150 basis points of hikes by the end of July.
Traders are also nervous that results this week at Apple, Amazon.com Inc, Microsoft Corp and Alphabet Inc run the risk of disappointment.
“I wonder whether just meeting expectations will be enough, it just feels like maybe we’ll need a bit more,” said Rob Carnell, ING’s chief economist in Asia.
“It’s guidance about the future which will be as important as anything and I suspect most of these firms are going to be coming out and saying it all looks rather uncertain, which I don’t think is going to really help.”
US markets fell on Friday, when the Dow Jones had its worst day since October 2020 and the CBOE volatility index, dubbed Wall Street’s “fear gauge”, leapt higher.
“Concerns around rates and recession are now the biggest risks for investors” with a particular focus on demand, said Candace Browning, head of global research at Bank of America.
“Spiking food and gasoline prices plus the end of key stimulus programs has investors concerned about the low-income consumer’s ability to spend.”
Hong Kong’s Hang Seng fell 3.6 percent and the Shanghai composite slid more than 4 percent, also hit by concerns that demand is shrinking as well as frustration with tepid policy support thus far.
The middle of China’s onshore currency trading band was fixed at its lowest level in eight months, seen as an official nod for the yuan’s recent slide, and the yuan was sold further to a one-year low of 6.5092 per dollar.
Dalian iron ore fell more than 9 percent. Copper, a bellwether for economic growth, dropped 1.6 percent and Brent crude futures fell 3.8 percent to a two-week low of $102.47 a barrel.
Palm oil FCPOc3, meanwhile, jumped 6 percent and the Indonesian rupiah slid following a ban on exports from Indonesia that further stokes worldwide food price pressure.
The greenback made an 18-month high on sterling at $1.2737.
The higher dollar pushed spot gold 0.8 percent lower to $1,913 an ounce. Bitcoin hovered just below $40,000.
The Treasury market steadied. The benchmark 10-year yield was at 2.8738 percent while the two-year yield was at 2.6488%, off last week’s highs.
This week will also see the release of US growth data, European inflation figures and a Bank of Japan policy meeting, which will be watched for any hints of a response to a sharp fall in the yen, which has lost 10 percent in about two months.