Europe could have two coronavirus vaccines approved for use as soon as December.
But as the world celebrates what appears to be some quite remarkable scientific progress, an October survey on attitudes to vaccines among 18,000 adults across 15 countries, published this month, offers a note of caution.
The survey showed many people are in no rush to get themselves a vaccine shot, if and when that becomes possible. Some major European economies — notably France and Spain — recorded some of the lowest acceptance rates.
While attitudes might be altered by ongoing trial results and targeted communication campaigns by regulators and governments, any coronavirus vaccine will only be successful if people choose to take it.