A federal judge on Thursday vacated dozens of oil and gas leases that fossil fuel companies secured late last year in the Gulf of Mexico, concluding that the Biden administration failed to properly account for climate effects when it held its massive offshore auction.
The ruling is a major win for environmental groups that sued to block what many described as a ticking â€œcarbon bomb.â€
Judge Rudolph Contreras, of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, sided with plaintiffs in the case, who argued that the Department of the Interior relied on a faulty analysis that underestimated the planet-warming greenhouse gases and associated environmental effects from future drilling and development of the leases.
Interior â€œacted arbitrarily and capriciously in excluding foreign consumption from their greenhouse gas emissions calculation,â€ Contreras wrote.
The offshore sale â€” the largest in U.S. history â€” offered up more than 80 million acres of the Gulf at auction. Companies ultimately bid more than $191 million for rights to drill across more than 1.7 million offshore acres â€” an area larger than the state of Delaware.
â€œWe are pleased that the court invalidated Interiorâ€™s illegal lease sale,â€ Brettny Hardy, a senior attorney at Earthjustice, which represented several environmental organizations in the lawsuit, said in a statement. â€œWe simply cannot continue to make investments in the fossil fuel industry to the peril of our communities and increasingly warming planet.â€
Hardy added it is time for the administration to follow through on President Joe Bidenâ€™s campaign promises to ban new federal fossil-fuel leasing. â€œWe can no longer afford to do anything less,â€ she said.
The Biden administration has argued it had no choice but to move forward with the offshore sale after a Trump-appointed federal judge in Louisiana struck down Bidenâ€™s executive order in January 2021 temporarily pausing new oil and gas leases across federal lands and waters.
But environmental lawyers insisted that the administration had options for scaling back, delaying or halting it, including requesting that an appeals court stay â€” or suspend â€” the injunction.
Melissa Schwartz, a spokesperson for the Interior Department, reiterated that the administrationâ€™s hands were tied.
â€œTo comply with the injunction imposed in the District Court of Louisiana litigation, we were compelled to proceed with Lease Sale 257 based on the previous administrationâ€™s environmental analysis and its decision to approve the lease sale,â€ she said via email. â€œWe are reviewing the Courtâ€™s decision concerning deficiencies in that record.
â€œOur public lands and waters must be protected for generations to come,â€ she added. â€œWe have documented serious deficiencies in the federal oil and gas program. Especially in the face of the climate crisis, we need to take the time to make significant and long overdue programmatic reforms. Our work will be guided by the law, science and sound policy.â€
The American Petroleum Institute, the nationâ€™s largest oil and gas lobby and an intervening defendant in the case, called the judgeâ€™s decision â€œdisappointingâ€ and said it is considering its options.
â€œOffshore energy development plays a critical role in strengthening our nationâ€™s economy and energy security,â€ API spokesperson Scott Lauermann said via email.
The now-revoked lease sale dwarfed the Trump administrationâ€™s final Gulf auction in 2020, when 518,000 acres went for $121 million, and threatened to lock in decades of future drilling and greenhouse gas emissions. By Interiorâ€™s own estimates, it was expected to lead to the production of an additional 1.1 billion barrels of oil and 4.4 trillion cubic feet of natural gas over several decades.
â€œTodayâ€™s decision is a victorious outcome not only for the Gulfâ€™s communities, wildlife, and ecosystem, but also for the warming planet,â€ Hallie Templeton, legal director at Friends of the Earth, said in a statement.