As part of Egyptâ€™s efforts to combat harassment on public transport, the Egyptian National Railways (ENR) launched Dec. 4 a campaignÂ called â€œEl-Sekka Amanâ€ (â€œThe Railway is Safeâ€) to combat harassment on trains, in cooperation with Egyptâ€™s National Council for Women (NCW) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Implementation of the campaign started inÂ Ramses railway station in Cairo Dec. 4, where volunteer groups from the NCW were deployed to spread awareness about womenâ€™s issues and about combating harassment. They asked women to report any harassment they face on trains and in stations.
On Dec. 8, NCW published a postÂ on its Facebook page asking women to cooperate with the members of the campaign to eradicate harassment on trains and in railway stations. The post read,Â â€œSince our role is to ensure your peace of mind on your way between the train and the station, we have deployed a trained team in stations to help and protect you in your times of need.â€
It continued, â€œWe are one step away. Report any harassment or abuse in stations to any of the volunteers or through the hotline on 15047, to an ENR worker orÂ the customer service office at the station, or via email to firstname.lastname@example.org.â€
In a phone intervention with CBC channel Dec. 8, ENR deputy chief Samy Abdel TawabÂ said, â€œEl-Sekka Aman campaign aims at empowering women to move freely and independently on public transport without fear of harassment and abuse.â€
Tawab added, â€œEl-Sekka Aman campaign is the first form of cooperation between ENR and the NCW. The campaign members advise women on trains to head to the station master in the event of harassment on aÂ train. The ENR employees were trained to deal with harassment complaints as part of the campaign.â€
Tawab added, â€œA woman who faces harassment can head to the customer service office in a train stationÂ and lodge a complaint. The matter will be handled with utmost confidentiality and all legal measures will be taken against the harasser.â€Â
He added, â€œTwo busy train lines were chosen â€” the Cairo-Manashi line and the Cairo-Minuf Tanta line. Awareness banners were put up for women to use their rights against the harasser in seven stations on those lines, in addition to deployment of volunteer groups to raise awareness among passengers about the need to combat harassment.â€
As soon as El-Sekka Aman campaign was announced, demands to allocate cabins for women on trains were posted on social media. ENR head Ashraf Raslan said in aÂ press statementÂ to the Cairo24 website, â€œEl-Sekka Aman initiative does not include allocating cabins for women. The main aim of the campaign is coexistence and promotion of womenâ€™s safe freedom of movement on trains with a focus on preventing harassment and combating all forms of violence against women, as well as promoting womenâ€™s role in society.â€
He added, â€œEl-Sekka Aman consists of a comprehensive program to empower women and protect them from harassment and raise awareness about their issues.â€
The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics published a study stating that about 7% of Egyptian women between 18 and 64 years old wereÂ subjected to harassment on public transportationÂ in 2019.
Safaa Habib, coordinator of El-Sekka Aman campaign at NCW, told Al-Monitor, â€œThe council has carried out a number of campaigns to combat harassment on public transport, most notably the â€˜Donâ€™t Let One Station Stop Youâ€™ metro campaignÂ to fight harassment, early marriage and overpopulation, and to empower women in jobs.â€
In 2018, the NCW launched an awareness campaign on the metro, with the slogan, â€œYour Life is Made of Stations â€¦Â Donâ€™t Let One Station Stop You,â€ to confront harassment by displaying the punishment of the harasser and urging girls to take actionÂ by reporting the harassment incident, in addition to combating early marriage and population growth. Several posters were put up inside metro stations showing womenâ€™s dreams in terms of work, marriage, study, travel, and so on, and educating women about the legal punishment for the harasser.
Habib added,Â â€œENR cooperated with the NCW to launch El-Sekka Aman campaign to counter harassment due to the councilâ€™s experience in those campaigns. Railway employees were trained on how to deal withÂ harassment calls and complaints, and how to deal with harassment victims and inform passengers of the legal implications on the harasser.â€
The Egyptian Penal Code stipulates that verbal, physicalÂ and behavioral sexual harassment by phone and internet shall be punished with a prison sentence between six months and five years, and a fine of up to 5,000 Egyptian pounds ($318). In July, the Egyptian government approved a billÂ submitted by the Ministry of Justice that aims to maintain the confidentiality of data of victims of harassment and sexual assault.
Habib noted, â€œThe volunteer teams in the campaign were trained on how to deal with female and male passengers, and raise awareness among them about acting quickly in harassment cases, refraining from blaming the victim and supporting her instead.â€
She pointed out that â€œsome passengers refused to deal with the campaign teams and listen to the anti-harassment groups. Some women demanded that mechanisms be presented to ensure the confidentiality of the complaint and their safety. Indeed, the volunteer teams were trained to reassure the women and encourage them to expedite the submission of complaints if they faced harassment on trains.â€
Habib concluded,Â “The campaign gave positive and satisfactory results. The council is preparing other campaigns in other public transport to support women and their issues, whether harassment, combating violence or empowering women.â€