Frontex has suspended operations in Hungary following a ruling by the EUâ€™s top court on the countryâ€™s practice of forcing migrants into Serbia, a spokesperson for the EU border agency said Wednesday.
â€œI can confirm that Frontex has decided to suspend operational activities in Hungary,â€ the spokesperson said. â€œOur common efforts to protect the EU external borders can only be successful if we ensure that our cooperation and activities are fully in line with EU laws.â€
Ylva Johansson, the commissioner for home affairs, was quick to welcome the news. â€œAfter Decemberâ€™s European Court of Justice @EUCourtPress ruling demanding #Hungary stop #pushbacks into #Serbia, the suspension of @Frontex border operations in Hungary is welcome,â€ she said in a tweet, referring to a decision by the court, which ruled that aspects of Hungaryâ€™s asylum process were in breach of EU rules, including pushing back people seeking asylum to Serbia, which is illegal under international law.
The Frontex announcement was also welcomed by NGOs including the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, a human rights NGO that campaigns for migrants and asylum seekers who were stopped at the border. â€œAfter many years of evidence-gathering, litigation, advocacy, we managed to make it happen,â€ it said in a tweet.
Frontexâ€™s Consultative Forum on fundamental rights, a body that brings together EU institutions and civil society organizations to advise the agency, has long called for action against Hungary. In a 2016 report, it recommended that â€œoperational support at the Hungarian-Serbian border must be contingent upon Frontex being satisfied that people arriving at that border are duly registeredâ€ and â€œare not summarily returned to Serbia, and that instances of police abuse and violence are investigated in anÂ independent and impartial manner.â€
â€œUntil this can be guaranteed, the Consultative Forum recommended to the Executive DirectorÂ to immediately take action â€¦ and suspend operational activities at the Hungarian-Serbian border.â€
Frontex itself was recently accused of taking part in pushbacks.
In October,Â several mediaÂ outlets published reports alleging Frontex involvement in pushback operations at the Greek-Turkish maritime border, claiming that refugees and migrants were being forced out of EU waters. OLAF, the EU anti-fraud agency, is investigating Frontex to check, among other things, whether the agencyâ€™s procedures have been violated. Frontex has always denied these allegations.
On Thursday, EU interior ministers will gather for an informal, virtual meeting where they will discuss migration and a proposal to reform the EU asylum system put forward by the Commission last September. That proposal has failed to gain support across the bloc, just like every other attempt at reform since the 2015-2016 migration crisis. And while the EU is unable to find an agreement on migration, allegations of pushbacks continue to increase.
Last month, a 1,500-page â€œblack bookâ€ compiled by the watchdogÂ Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) documented hundreds of illegal pushbacks by authorities on Europeâ€™s external borders. Â
With the bloc unable to reform its asylum policy, â€œpushbacks have increasingly become the migration policy of many member states,â€ complained an EU official.