Here are some of the businesses that have pledged to cut ties with Russia.

After the Russian president, Vladimir V. Putin, ordered the invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24, multinational companies were forced to re-examine their ties with Russia. Some, like McDonald’s, PepsiCo and Shell, had built relationships with the country over the decades, and were faced with untangling complicated deals.

Under pressure from investors and consumers, many Western companies have started to unwind their investments, close stores and pause sales in Russia. Here are some of the actions they have announced:

  • Unilever, which owns brands like Dove and Sunsilk, suspended imports and exports.

  • So did Ikea, though it will continue to operate its major chain of shopping centers, Mega, in Russia to ensure that customers have access to essentials.

  • TJX, the owner of T.J. Maxx and Marshalls, promised to divest its equity ownership in Familia, an off-price retailer with more than 400 stores in Russia.

  • H&M, which had about 170 stores in Russia, paused sales, as did Nike, with about 116 stores.

  • Canada Goose, which is based in Toronto, will cease wholesale and e-commerce sales to Russia.

  • Adidas said it would suspend sales in Russia, cutting 1 percent from its expected revenue growth this year. The company has about 500 stores in Russia and the former Soviet states.

  • Shell will exit its joint ventures with Gazprom, the Russian natural gas giant.

  • BP will offload its nearly 20 percent stake in Rosneft, the Russian state-controlled oil company.

  • Exxon Mobil will end its involvement in a large oil and natural gas project.

  • American Express, Mastercard and Visa cards issued by Russian banks will not work in other countries, and cards issued elsewhere will not work for purchases in Russia.

  • Citigroup, which has about 3,000 employees in Russia, said it would “assess our operations in the country.” Citi’s consumer division in Russia is running limited operations, and the business is for sale as part of a broader exit from overseas markets announced last year.

  • The Big Four accounting firms — Deloitte, EY, KPMG and PwC — are pulling out of the country.

  • The consulting firm Bain said it would not work with any Russian business and that it had put a policy in place in 2020 “not work for the Russian government at any level — central, state, or departmental.” McKinsey & Company said it would not take on any new work in Russia, would stop work for state-owned entities and “will no longer serve any government entity in Russia.” Boston Consulting Group will not take on any new clients in Russia and has “started to wind down work where possible and will not take on any new work,” it said. McKinsey and Boston Consulting Group said they did not have any contracts with “the central government.”

  • McDonald’s said it was temporarily closing its nearly 850 locations in Russia and halting operations there.

  • Starbucks said it was closing all of its locations in Russia, where they are owned and operated by the Kuwaiti conglomerate Alshaya Group.

  • PepsiCo said it would stop selling soda in Russia but would continue to produce dairy and baby food products there, calling it a “humanitarian” effort.

  • Yum Brands is closing 70 company-owned KFC restaurants and all 50 franchise-owned Pizza Hut restaurants.

  • Little Caesars is suspending all operations at Russian stores, which are owned by franchisees.

  • Amazon Web Services has stopped accepting new customers for its cloud computing services.

  • Google suspended advertising, including on its search and YouTube products.

  • Microsoft and Apple paused sales. IBM suspended business.

  • Cogent and Lumen, which provide so-called backbone internet services, cut off access.

  • Uber said it was trying to “accelerate” its divestment from the Russian internet company Yandex, which operates a ride-hailing service.

  • Sony, which makes the PlayStation video game console, said it had “suspended all software and hardware shipments” to Russia, as well as operation of the PlayStation Store in the country.

  • UPS, FedEx and DHL have suspended shipments to and operations within Russia and Belarus.

  • Airbus and Boeing have suspended the supply of parts, maintenance and technical support services to Russian airlines. Boeing also said it had stopped buying titanium from Russia, a key source of the metal for the aerospace industry.

  • American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines cut ticket sales partnerships with Russian airlines. All three airlines also stopped flying over Russia.

  • Amadeus and Sabre, which provide ticket sales technology to airlines, cut ties with Aeroflot, the national flag carrier and the largest airline in Russia.

  • Hyatt and Hilton, the hotel chains, suspended development work in the country, and Hilton closed its corporate office in Moscow.

  • Caterpillar, which makes construction and earth-moving equipment, is pausing manufacturing in Russia.

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