Australian retail sales climbed to record highs in April as consumers spent big for the holidays, though surging inflation and rising interest rates are steadily sapping spending power.
Data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics on Friday showed retail sales rose 0.9 percent in April to a record A$33.9 billion ($24.11 billion), matching analysts’ forecasts.
Sales were up a heady 9.6 percent on a year earlier, though a chunk of that was due to rising prices.
“High food prices have combined with increased household spending over the April holiday period as more people are travelling, dining out and holding family gatherings,” said the bureau’s director of quarterly economy-wide statistics, Ben James.
Policy makers are hoping households will dip into savings to keep consuming even as real incomes go backwards.
Australians built up around A$272 billion worth of extra savings during the pandemic and are sitting on bank deposits alone worth a record A$1.26 trillion.
This is one reason the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) felt confident enough to raise interest rates by a quarter percentage point to 0.35 percent this month in the first hike since 2010 and to flag more increases ahead.
Markets are wagering the RBA will raise interest rates to 0.60 percent in June and reach as high as 2.5 percent by the end of the year.
If they are right, that will be one of the most aggressive tightening cycles on record and will add more than A$600 a month in payments to the average mortgage.
That would come as the cost of everything from health care to petrol, education and home building are on the rise. Consumer price inflation is already at a 20-year peak of 5.1 percent and likely to touch 6 percent sometime this year.
The rising costs of energy globally have seen Australia’s power regulator just approve price increases of between 9 percent and 18%, ending an unusual period of subdued electricity inflation.
With inflation running well ahead of wages, households are feeling the pinch and consumer surveys show confidence at its lowest ebb since the pandemic first started shutting down cities.
All of that is unwelcome news to a Labour government that has only just won power after nine years in opposition.
Treasurer Jim Chalmers has acknowledged the “extreme price pressures” but ruled out extending a cut in fuel taxes, given that the budget was deep in the red.
($1 = 1.4063 Australian dollars)