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Russian Strike Kills Holocaust Survivor In Ukraine

A Russian strike last week killed a 96-year-old Holocaust survivor in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv, according to the Ukrainian foreign minister.

Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba tweeted Monday that Boris Romanchenko, a Jewish Ukrainian man, died Friday due to Russian shelling on his apartment block. Kuleba called Romanchenko’s death an “unspeakable crime.”

“Survived Hilter, murdered by Putin,” the Ukrainian official wrote.

Romanchenko was born in 1926 in a small town near Sumy, Ukraine, and was one of the millions of Jewish people rounded up by the Nazis after Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II. He was sent to Dortmund, Germany, in 1942, and did forced labor until he was caught trying to escape in 1943.

Romanchenko survived multiple death camps, the first being Buchenwald — one of the first and largest camps in Germany where Nazis murdered over 56,500 people before the survivors were liberated in 1945.

He was also imprisoned in the subcamp of Mittelbau-Dora and the widely known Bergen-Belsen and Peenemünde camps. In the latter, Romanchenko was forced to help build Germany’s V-2 rocket, the first long-range guided ballistic missile.

Buchenwald Memorial also shared that Romanchenko’s relatives had confirmed his death. His granddaughter told the memorial that a bomb hit his high-rise apartment, which then burned down.

Romanchenko “worked intensively on the memory of Nazi crimes” and served as vice president of the Buchenwald-Dora International Committee, according to the memorial. In 2012, he read an oath — “creating a new world where peace and freedom reign” — to celebrate the anniversary of the camp’s liberation.

“We mourn the loss of a close friend. We wish his son and granddaughter … a lot of strength in these difficult times,” the memorial said in a statement, adding that Romanchenko’s death “shows how threatening the war in Ukraine is for the concentration camp survivors.”

It added: “Together with 30 other memorials, the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation has set up an aid network for former victims of Nazi persecution in Ukraine.”

Six survivors renew the so-called Buchenwald oath from April 19,1945, during the ceremonies marking the 70th anniversary of the camp’s liberation. A Russian strike killed Buchenwald survivor Boris Romanchenko (second from right) in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on March 18, 2022.

Jens Schlueter via Getty Images

Russian President Vladimir Putin attempted to justify his invasion of Ukraine with the lie that his goal is to “de-Nazify” the country. Western leaders, as well as Ukraine itself, have denounced those claims, pointing out that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is a Jewish man who lost family members in the Holocaust. Zelenskyy has compared Putin’s actions to those of Nazi-era Germany.

“This is what they call the ‘operation of denazification,’” Andriy Yermak, head of Ukraine’s presidential office, said on Telegram of Romanchenko’s death, according to CNN.

Kharkiv, the second-largest Ukrainian city that sits just 30 miles from the Russian border, has been under relentless shelling for over three weeks now. According to Ukrainian officials, at least 500 civilians have been killed in the area, including children.



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