The three white men convicted of murdering Ahmaud Arbery were sentenced Friday to life in prison, with a judge denying any chance of parole for the father and son who armed themselves and initiated the deadly pursuit of the Black man in February 2020.
The life sentences for Travis McMichael, who fatally shot Arbery; and his father, Gregory McMichael, do not carry the possibility of parole. Their neighbor William “Roddie” Bryan will be eligible, however, Superior CourtÂ JudgeÂ Timothy Walmsley said. Bryan mustÂ serve at least 30 years in prison before he is eligible for parole.
All three men were convictedÂ of murder andÂ other charges by a Glynn County jury in November in the pursuit and fatal shooting of Arbery on Feb. 23, 2020.
Walmsley called Arbery’s killing “callous” and said it occurred because “confrontation was being sought.”
Before announcing the sentences, the judge asked the courtroom to sit in silence for one minute to illustrate, he said, a fraction of the time Arbery was running in terror from the men before he was killed.
“He left his home to go for a run and ended up running for his life,” Walmsley said.
The sentences are in line with the request from prosecutorÂ Linda Dunikoski, who recommended that Bryan get a chance at parole and that the McMichaels be denied that possibility. Dunikoski said the father and son showed no remorse or empathy for “the trapped and terrified Ahmaud Arbery.”
“There were so many opportunities to stop, to think,” she said. “And here’s the real problem: Greg McMichael was former law enforcement” and Travis McMichael had served in the Coast Guard.
“So here we have some men who should have known better,” she told the judge Friday morning. “Vigilantism always goes wrong.”
Defense attorneys argued in favor of parole for all three men.
An attorney for Travis McMichael said he “should have the opportunity to show that he’s grown, to show that he’s changed.” The attorney, Robert Rubin, said that a parole board should determine if and when Travis McMichael is released from prison.
Arbery’s parents and sister, who spoke before the sentences were handed down, asked the judge to show no lenience.
“The man who killed my son has sat in this courtroom every single day nextÂ to his father. I’ll never get that chance to sit next to my son ever again. Not at a general table. Not at a holiday. And not at a wedding,” Ahmaud Arbery’s father, Marcus Arbery, said before the sentence was announced. “His killers should spend the rest of their lives thinking about what they did and what they took from us and they should do it behind bars because me and my family have to do it for the rest of their life.”
The McMichaels armed themselves and pursued Arbery in a pickup truck after seeing him running in their neighborhood, Satilla Shores. Bryan joined the pursuit in his pickup truck and recorded video of the fatal encounter on his cellphone. Prosecutors said Arbery ran from the men for five minutes. Arbery was eventually trapped between the two pickup trucks and ended up in a confrontation with Travis McMichael, who was armed with a shotgun.Â
Walmsley said he found “absolutely chilling” the portion of the video that shows Travis McMichael lifting his shotgun to fire at Arbery from 20 to 30 yards away.
â€œAnd you watch that with context after hearing the evidence in this case, again, thinking about a young man who had been running at that point for almost five minutes,â€ Walmsley said. â€œAnd it is a chilling, truly disturbing scene.â€
In explaining his sentencing decision, Walmsley said he was also guided by â€œthe defendantsâ€™ own wordsâ€ after the shooting.
Travis McMichael, the judge said, spoke of concern for his own well being while Arbery lay dying in the street.
Meanwhile, Gregory McMichael attempted very early on to try to establish a narrative, Walmsley said.
â€œHe made comments like, â€˜Ahmaud Arbery was trapped like a rat,â€™â€ and â€œeffectively admitted to authorities that he wasnâ€™t sure what Arbery had done wrong,â€ the judge said.
The elder McMichael also said that he if he could have gotten a shot at Arbery, he would have taken it and referred to Arbery as an â€œa–hole,â€ Walmsley said.Â
Walmsley said he also found it disturbing that Bryan placed blame on Arbery, saying, â€œIf the guy would have stopped, this would have never happened.â€
The judge said he agreed with Arberyâ€™s mother, Wanda Cooper-Jones, who said earlier Friday in her victim impact statement, â€œWhen they could not scare or intimidate him, they killed him.â€
Walmsley said Arbery was killed â€œbecause individuals here in this courtroom took the law into their own hands.â€
The McMichaels and Bryan had been charged with one count of malice murder, four counts of felony murder, two counts of aggravated assault, and one count each of false imprisonment and criminal attempt to commit a felony.Â
Travis McMichael, who fired at Arbery three times at close range, was convicted of all nine charges. Gregory McMichael was convicted of all charges except malice murder. Bryan was convicted of three counts of felony murder, one count of aggravated assault, false imprisonment and criminal attempt to commit a felony.Â
The nearly all-white jury deliberated for about 10 hours before delivering its verdict.
The malice murder and felony murder convictions both carry a minimum penalty of life in prison. Attorneys for all three men have said they intend to appeal the convictions.
The McMichaels and Bryan were free for several weeks after the shooting. They were arrested only after the video that Bryan recorded was released and the case was taken over by the Georgia Bureau of Investigation.Â
From the beginning, the handling of the case by local officials was called into question by Arbery’s family and friends. Arbery’s killing, along with that of George Floyd, sparked protests against racial injustice in America and beyond.
Attorneys for the men, each of whom had their own defense team, had argued that they suspected Arbery was a burglar in an area that they claimed was “on edge.” Arbery was recorded on security camera video visiting a partially built home in the neighborhood several times. The videos did not showÂ him taking anything from the property. The last video was recorded the afternoon he was killed. The defense had sought to convince the jury that the McMichaels and Bryan were trying to execute a citizen’s arrest, which was legal at the time in the state.
But lead prosecutor Dunikoski challenged that narrative. In her closing argument, she said Arbery had not committed an offense in the presence of any of the men and that they decided to “attack” him “because he was a Black man running down the street.”
“Who brought the shotgun to the party?” she said. “You can’t create the situation and then go, ‘I was defending myself.'”Â
Prosecutors did not argue that race motivated the killing but all three face federal hate crime charges.