Yemenâ€™s President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi ordered the countryâ€™s new unity government to relocate to Aden after its members were sworn in during a ceremony in Saudi Arabiaâ€™s capital yesterday.
The new CabinetÂ announced on Dec.Â 18Â consists of Hadi loyalists as well as members of the separatist Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the Islamist Islah Party, the presidency said in a statement earlier this month.Â
Hadi on Sunday ordered the new government to begin tackling war-torn Yemenâ€™s economic woes, according to Yemeni state news agency SABA. The Yemeni president-in-exile added that members of the new government should also take their oaths of office in Aden.
The power-sharing government is the belated result of Saudi Arabiaâ€™s efforts to broker a deal between its anti-Houthi coalition partners in Yemen. Representatives of the STC and Hadiâ€™s government signed an agreement in Riyadh in November 2019 to eventually work towardÂ a unity government, but setbacks culminated in the STC declaring self-rule in the south in April, which it has since renounced.
Last yearâ€™s Riyadh agreement came after pro-government forces and those aligned with the STC repeatedly fought over control of the de facto capital at Aden, while Hadi himself has remained in exile in Riyadh. The infighting has weakened the Saudi-led coalitionâ€™s efforts to stave off gains by Yemenâ€™s Houthi rebels in the north, who have links to Iranâ€™s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
The unity agreement comes as the Houthis have consolidated control over most of Yemenâ€™s north, with the exception of the oil-rich area of Mareb. It also comes just ahead of the swearing-in of US President-elect Joe Biden, who has promised to end Washingtonâ€™s support to the Saudi-led military coalition.
The United Nations has called Yemenâ€™s civil war the worldâ€™s worst humanitarian catastrophe. The conflict has killed more than 230,000 people since the Saudi-led coalitionÂ â€”Â which includes the United Arab Emirates and is backed by the United StatesÂ â€”Â moved in 2015 to reinstall the Yemeni government ousted by Zaidi Shia Houthi rebels a year prior.