Has “zero Covid” eroded China’s social contract?
President Xi Jinping’s “zero Covid” policy has rewritten the implicit bargain that people in China will get stability and comfort in exchange for limitations on political freedoms.
Limitations still abound, with little stability. Nearly 530 million people — almost 40 percent of the population — were under some form of lockdown in late November, according to one estimate. People have gone hungry, or died because of delayed medical care, and legions have endured work interruptions or layoffs.
The result has been growing disillusionment and the most widespread protests China has seen since the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in 1989.
Quotable: “It used to be, for most people you didn’t really feel the state in your daily life too much,” said one law professor. “Now, of course, the state is everywhere.”
Outlook: If China can limit the impact of future outbreaks as it loosens restrictions, the sense of shared grievance could sputter — but Xi’s fixation on control could remain, along with his expanded security apparatus.
The end of Iran’s morality police
Iran has abolished the morality police after months of protests ignited by the death of a young woman, Mahsa Amini, who was being held by the force for supposedly violating the country’s strict Islamic dress laws.
The decision, which was announced by Iran’s attorney general in remarks carried on state media, appeared to be a significant victory for the protest movement that has consumed Iran since Amini’s death in September.
The movement has amounted to one of the biggest challenges in decades to Iran’s system of authoritarian clerical rule. Security forces have responded with a crackdown that has left hundreds dead and about 14,000 arrested, according to rights groups.
Understand the Protests in China
The absence of any official government statement on disbanding the force left some questioning where the policy stood exactly. But by late Sunday the authorities had not issued a denial on state media outlets, either.
Context: The morality police’s primary role was to make sure women covered their bodies in long, loose clothing and their hair with a head scarf or hijab. Enforcement has always been uneven and arbitrary.
Results: The attorney general said on Thursday that the authorities were reviewing the head scarf regulations and would issue a decision within 15 days, but protesters are now pursuing more than dress law reforms.
Russia vows to defy oil price cap
After the Group of 7 nations agreed on Friday to impose a price cap on Russian oil, Moscow insisted it would not sell oil that is subject to the limit, adding to questions of whether the plan will succeed in slowing Russia’s war effort in Ukraine.
The Group of 7 hoped that capping the price of Russian crude at $60 a barrel would dent the Kremlin’s finances while still keeping enough Russian oil on the market to avoid a global price shock. The $60-per-barrel figure was a compromise that was close to what major buyers of Russian oil currently pay.
Russia threatened to work only with countries that met market prices for its oil, even if that meant curbing production. Even before Russia’s announcement, questions loomed about whether the plan could be enforced, and President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine worried that the price limit was inadequate to stanch Russian aggression.
In other war news, a Ukrainian resident of occupied Kherson returned a lost, dazed pilot to the Russians. Ukraine charged him with treason.
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Trying to appear “less Asian” for college
Dominant at chess? Talented at piano? Proficient in Chinese?
Many Asian American applicants to top colleges downplay activities that could be seen as stereotypically “Asian,” sometimes at the suggestion of college admissions consultants. Asian Americans are a hugely diverse group, but in high-stakes college admissions many Asian American students are acutely aware of what not to be, and the rumor that students can appear “too Asian” has hardened into a kind of received wisdom.
And a lawsuit seems to have confirmed what many Asian American teenagers have quietly thought. In October, the Supreme Court heard arguments in a lawsuit that accused Harvard University of systematically discriminating against Asian American applicants. The plaintiffs said that, compared with other racial groups, applicants of Asian descent consistently received a lower “personal rating” — a subjective score for traits like self-confidence, likability and kindness.
Harvard University and supporters of affirmative action have argued that there is no such thing as a penalty for Asians, that race is one factor among many used to evaluate applicants and that the number of admitted Asian American applicants has steadily increased for decades.